How cancer of the paranasal
sinus and nasal cavity is treated
There are treatments
for all patients with cancer of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity.
Three kinds of treatment are used:
- Surgery (taking out the cancer)
- Radiation therapy (using high-dose
x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells)
- Chemotherapy (using drugs to kill
Surgery is commonly
used to remove cancers of the paranasal sinus or nasal cavity. Depending
on where the cancer is and how far it has spread, a doctor may need
to cut out bone or tissue around the cancer. If cancer has spread
to lymph nodes in the neck, the lymph nodes may be removed (lymph
is also a common treatment of cancer of the paranasal sinus and
nasal cavity. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill
cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine
outside the body (external radiation therapy) or from putting materials
that produce radiation (radioisotopes) through thin plastic tubes
in the area where the cancer cells are found (internal radiation
therapy). External radiation to the thyroid or the pituitary gland
may change the way the thyroid gland works. The doctor may wish
to test the thyroid gland before and after therapy to make sure
it is working properly.
uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be taken by pill,
or it may be put into the body by a needle in a vein or muscle.
Chemotherapy is called a systemic treatment because the drug enters
the bloodstream, travels through the body, and can kill cancer cells
throughout the body.
Because the paranasal
sinuses and nasal cavity help in talking and breathing, and are
close to the face, patients may need special help adjusting to the
side effects of the cancer and its treatment. A doctor will consult
with several kinds of doctors who can help determine the best treatment.
Trained medical staff can also help in recovery from treatment.
Patients may need plastic surgery if a large amount of tissue or
bone around the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity is taken out.
Treatment by Stage
Treatment of cancer of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity depends
on where the cancer is, the stage of the disease, and the patient's
age and overall health.
may be considered because of its effectiveness in patients in past
studies, or participation in a clinical trial may be considered.
Not all patients are cured with standard therapy and some standard
treatments may have more side effects than are desired.
provided by The National Cancer Institute (www.cancer.gov)